The primary goal of orthotics is to assist the muscular and skeletal systems in a positive way.
Lower extremity orthotic devices are designed for a range of needs. Designed to resolve complications with stability to immobilization or to assist in improving the muscular or skeletal structure of the legs, ankles, knees, and feet. As there are numerous different types of devices for the lower extremity, our specialist will determine which is right for you, fitting you for it, and making sure you get the results you need from it.
If you need a lower extremity orthotic device, here are some of the options we could provide.
Foot Orthotics (Shoe Inserts): Foot orthotics are designed to evenly distribute pressure over the entire plantar surface of the foot, alleviate areas that may be sensitive or painful, accommodate/correct for deformities, and improve the overall alignment of the foot, ankle complex, leg and lower limb. Categories of foot orthoses include accommodative, corrective, rigid, semi-rigid and soft.
Ankle Supports: These orthoses are designed primarily to aid in ankle stability and for chronic ankle sprains and strains. Types of support include semi-rigid rigid orthosis, rigid ankle orthosis, gel or air orthosis and custom ankle orthotics that are custom made to the patient’s foot.
Ankle-Foot Orthoses (AFOs): AFOs are designed to provide support, proper joint alignment to the foot and ankle, assist or substitute for muscle weakness, and protect the foot and lower limb. This type of orthoses typically comes in either metal or plastic and come in rigid, semi-rigid and articulated.
Functional Knee Orthosis: Functional knee orthoses are designed to aid in the stability of the knee joint secondary to ligament injury, postoperative reconstruction, meniscus damage, and for preventative protection. These orthoses are designed to provide maximum stability to the knee joint. Injury to the ligaments of the knee cause unwanted motion between the femur and the tibia. If left untreated, this can create significant joint laxity, lead to degenerative joint changes and put the patient at risk for further injury and cause subsequent damage to the surrounding structures. Functional knee orthoses can be made by the patient’s measurements or by a custom model of the patient’s leg.
Knee Immobilizer: Knee immobilizers are often used to stabilize and immobilize the lower extremity postoperatively and during the acute stage of knee injuries. They provide maximum immobilization of the knee joint and compression.
Knee Ankle Foot Orthoses (KAFOs): KAFOs are designed to provide support, proper joint alignment to the knee, foot and ankle, assist or substitute for muscle weakness, and protect the foot and lower limb. KAFOs can be made from a variety of materials from metal to plastic. Other names include: posterior offset knee joint, stance control, locked knee, drop lock, bail or French lock and trigger lock.
Lower Extremity Fracture Orthoses or Distal Tibia/Fibular Fracture Orthosis: Distal tibial/fibular fractures can be treated with a walker boot or tibial fracture orthosis. Your physician determines which style of orthosis is best indicated for your fracture stabilization.
Reciprocating Gait Orthoses (RGO’s): Reciprocating gait is defined as putting one foot in front of the other. RGO’s were designed to help patients that suffer from spinal cord injury, myelomeningocele, spina bifida, and other paralytic disorders walk. Often patients who have sustained paralysis to their lower extremities require the assistance of orthotic devices to walk. One such device, a reciprocating gait orthosis (RGO), is designed to provide as normal method of movement as possible for paraplegic patients.
Hip Abduction Orthosis: Hip abduction orthoses are designed to maintain appropriate anatomical alignment of the hip or prosthetic hip replacement. The components include a hip/pelvic girdle, thigh cuff, and hip joint. The joints are usually adjustable and set in some degree of flexion and abduction. This alignment positions the head of the femur in the acetabulum allowing for the ligaments, bone, and surrounding musculature to heal. These devices are also used to stabilize patients who suffer from chronic subluxation or dislocation of the hip.
Walk Aide – This device is one of the more advanced orthotic options, and it is used for some patients faced with the issue of foot drop. It uses functional electrical stimulation to help improve a patients walking ability